4 edition of Neurotransmitter Regulation of Gene Transcription (FIDIA Research Foundation Symposium Series) found in the catalog.
by Thieme Publishing Group
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||272|
Abstract. Neurotransmitters signal via G protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) to modulate activity of neurons and muscles. C. elegans has ∼ G protein coupled neuropeptide receptor homologs and 28 additional GPCRs for small-molecule neurotransmitters. Genetic studies in C. elegans demonstrate that neurotransmitters diffuse far from their release sites to activate GPCRs on . You hope to study a gene that codes for a neurotransmitter protein in human brain cells. You know the amino acid sequence of the protein. Explain how you might A.) identify the gene expressed in a specific type of brain cell. B.) Identify the gene for the neurotransmitter. C.) produce multiple copies of the gene for study, and D.) Produce a quantity of the gene as a .
Transcription factor, molecule that controls the activity of a gene by determining whether the gene’s DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is transcribed into RNA (ribonucleic acid). The enzyme RNA polymerase catalyzes the chemical reactions that synthesize RNA, using the gene’s DNA as a template. Transcription factors control when, where, and how efficiently RNA polymerases . Research Description. The burgeoning epidemic of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus presents a major health and therapeutic challenge. Transcriptional regulation is the fundamental control mechanism for metabolism, but a gap remains in our knowledge of gene regulatory pathways that control lipid and glucose homeostasis.
Background: The TMPRSS2-ERG gene fusion occurs in about half of prostate cancer (PCa) cases and results in overexpression of the transcription factor ERG. Overexpression of ERG has many effects on cellular function. However, how these changes enhance cell growth and promote tumor development is unclear. Eukaryotic Transcription Gene Regulation; neurotransmitter chemical ligand that carries a signal from one nerve cell to the next Want to cite, share, or modify this book? This book is Creative Commons Attribution License and you must attribute OpenStax.
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Neurotransmitter regulation of gene transcription. New York: Thieme Medical Publishers, (OCoLC) Material Type: Conference publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Erminio Costa; Tong H Joh. MECHANISMS OF ACTIVITY-REGULATED TRANSCRIPTION. The first evidence that extracellular signals rapidly induce gene transcription came from studies of quiescent fibroblasts, which were shown to rapidly and robustly up-regulate transcription of the IEG Fos when exposed to growth factors (Greenberg and Ziff ).The importance of stimulus-dependent regulation Cited by: Zongchao Han, in Gene Therapy in Neurological Disorders, Silence Is Golden: A Further Look at DNA Methylation and Histone Modification.
Transcription regulation of genes often involves epigenetic modifications, especially when delivering a transgene. DNA methylation is an epigenetic mechanism that occurs by adding a methyl (CH 3) group to the 5-carbon on the.
Transcription of this gene results from the combined activity of at least nine regulatory elements that interact with different binding factors'.
Cellular phenotype The type of cell (e.g. glial/ neuronal) and its stage of development (e.g. dividing/differentiated) determines if and how a neurotransmitter regulates gene by: The mechanisms by which activation of excitatory amino acid receptors is coupled to the regulation of gene transcription were studied using cultured hippocampal neurons from.
Abstract. Activation of neurotransmitter receptors can regulate transcription in postsynaptic cells through the actions of second messengers.
Trans-synaptic regulation of transcription appears to be an important mechanism controlling the synthesis of molecules involved in neuronal signaling, especially by: In the biological context of organisms' production of gene products, downregulation is the process by which a cell decreases the quantity of a cellular component, such as RNA or protein, in response to an external complementary process that involves increases of such components is called upregulation.
An example of downregulation is the cellular decrease in. Regulation of transcription thus controls when transcription occurs and how much RNA is created. Transcription of a gene by RNA polymerase can be regulated by several mechanisms.
Specificity factors alter the specificity of RNA polymerase for a given promoter or set of promoters, making it more or less likely to bind to them (i.e., sigma factors used in prokaryotic transcription).
Then we will discuss how NE, via regulation of diverse receptor-coupled signaling pathways, controls gene transcription with particular emphasis on two families of transcription factors: the cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) response element binding protein (CREB) and the c-Fos/activator protein-1 (AP-1) by: 4.
example, lets say a gene exists for which there are two alleles A and B, A produces less receptors for neurotransmitter X, and B produces more, and is associated with a 5 point increase in IQ compared to A.
Lets say a person has A. Lets also say that sleep deprivation has been shown to up-regulate production of the neurotransmitter X receptor proteins. 52 Eukaryotic Gene Regulation Gene regulation in eukaryotic cells may occur before or during transcription or translation or after protein synthesis.
The nucleosome. Digital model of a nucleosome, the fundamental structural unit of chromosomes in the eukaryotic cell nucleus, derived from X-ray crystallography Size: 2MB. Request PDF | Transcriptional Regulation of the Dopamine β-Hydroxylase Gene | Dopamine β-hydroxylase (DBH) catalyzes conversion of dopamine to.
Researchers have found that the regulation of a specific gene located in an area of the brain linked to depression and drug addiction can reduce the way someone responds to drugs and stressful situations.
A mouse study that focused on the epigenetic regulation of a single gene was carried out at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and was recently published in. Two different polymorphisms of the SERT gene (17qq12) were analyzed: a variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) polymorphism in intron 2, and a deletion/insertion polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) in the promoter region of the gene, the short variant of which (allele ) reduces the transcriptional efficiency of the SERT gene.
This gene encodes an integral membrane protein that transports the neurotransmitter serotonin from synaptic spaces into presynaptic neurons. The encoded protein terminates the action of serotonin and recycles it in a sodium-dependent manner.
This protein is a target of psychomotor stimulants, such as amphetamines and cocaine, and is a member of. The TMPRSS2-ERG gene fusion occurs in about half of prostate cancer (PCa) cases and results in overexpression of the transcription factor ERG.
Overexpression of ERG has many effects on cellular function. However, how these changes enhance cell growth and promote tumor development is unclear.
To investigate the role of ERG, LNCaP and PC3 cells were Cited by: 1. Seok JH, Lardaro T, Myung SO, Huh Y, Ding Y, Un JK et al.
Regulation of the noradrenaline neurotransmitter phenotype by the transcription factor AP-2β. Journal of Biological Chemistry. Jun 13;(24)Cited by: Neurotransmitter, any of a group of chemical substances released by neurons to stimulate other neurons or muscle or gland cells.
Signaling by neurotransmitters allows impulses to be passed from one cell to the next throughout the nervous system. Learn more about the types and functions of neurotransmitters.
RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access The transcription factor ERG increases expression of neurotransmitter receptors on prostate cancer cells Haydn T.
Kissick2, Seung 1, Laura K. Dunn1, Martin G. Sanda2, John M. Asara3, Kathryn L. Pellegrini2, Jonathan K. Noel1 and Mohamed S. Arredouani1* AbstractCited by: 1. Get this from a library. Regulation of Gene Expression by Hormones.
[Kenneth W McKerns] -- The International Foundation for Biochemical Endocrinology is incorporated as a nonprofit research and educational organization. It is dedicated to the dissemination of knowledge, cooperative. The gene encoding the transcription factor RFX4 represents an excellent neurobiological and positional candidate gene for Bipolar disorder due to the potential involvement of RFX4 proteins in the regulation of circadian rhythms and the proximity of the locus to numerous linkage signals on chromosome 12qDopamine is a fundamental neurotransmitter and hormone.
You may know it as one of the neurotransmitters associated with the limbic system, being released during eating and sex, which causes a sensation of it is more than just a hedonistic chemical, actually many of the functions of the brain are dependent on dopamine.second major category of neurotransmitter receptor protein, binding of neurotransmitter to the receptor does not directly result in the opening of an ion channel, but could result in: ion channels eventually opening or closing, enzymes might be activated or inactivated, gene transcription might be turned on or off, etc.